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Catholic Social Teaching

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope Benedict XVI, 2005

Pope Benedict XVI wrote the encyclical Deus Caritas Est in 2005 about God’s love for humanity.  In a world where the name of God is sometimes associated with vengeance or even hatred, Benedict seeks to speak of the limitless love that God lavishes on humanity.

The encyclical is divided into two parts.  The first section discusses God’s love and the reality of human love.  In the second part, Benedict focuses on the commandment to love one’s neighbor especially the laities role in creating a just society.

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Issued during the papacy of Pope Paul VI, 1965

Gaudium et Spes was issued when the Second Vatican Council ended in 1965.  The document summarizes the council and gives an outline of the Church’s social teachings in a changing world.

The world has seen enormous development and progress that has amazed humanity, he says, but it has also caused many to worry about the social implications of a quickly changing society as advances in technology and power threaten people.  Never before has there been so much wealth simultaneous with so much hunger and poverty.

November 21, 2011 Themes, Catholic Social Teaching

We are our brothers and sisters keepers, whether they are next door or around the world. In today’s world of instantaneous communication, 24-hour news cycles and world economic dependency, this simple axiom is truer than ever. 

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope John Paul II, 1991

The encyclical Centesimus Annus was written in 1991 by Pope John Paul II on the one hundredth anniversary of Rerum Novarum.  It came on the heels of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union.  In it John Paul II seeks to conduct a “re-reading” of Pope Leo’s landmark encyclical to re-discover the richness of the fundamental principles in which Rerum Novarum dealt with the condition of workers and the economy as a whole.

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope Leo XIII, 1891

Pope Leo XIII wrote the encyclical Rerum Novarum as the industrial revolution and political change swept across Europe. The relationship between employers and employees was changing dramatically. Individuals had become wealthy, but most remained poor even though they worked hard. Pope Leo XIII's encyclical spoke of the condition of the working classes during a time when many advocated revolution.

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope Paul VI, 1967

Pope Paul VI wrote the encyclical Populorum Progressio in 1967 to address the world economy and its effect on peoples around the world. At this time many nations saw their economic development stall, while others continued to grow at a record pace. In the document he talks about the rights of workers to a just wage, job security, reasonable working conditions, and to join a worker's association.

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope John Paul II, 1995

Pope John Paul II released the encyclical Evangelium Vitae on March 25, 1995.  It deals with the most basic of all principles – the value and sacredness of human life.  Our duty to protect life is central to the Christian message.  The encyclical is broken into four main chapters which discuss contemporary threats to life, the Gospel's message regarding life, God's law, and hope for a new culture of life.

November 21, 2011 Social Encyclicals, Catholic Social Teaching
Pope Pius XI, 1931

Quadragesimo Anno was written by Pope Pius XI in 1931 forty years after Pope Leo XIII's Rerun Novarum on the Condition of Workers. He wrote this encyclical to address the ethical challenges facing workers, employers, the Church and the state as a result of end of the industrial revolution and the onset of the Great Depression.

November 7, 2011 Themes, Catholic Social Teaching

Even the Vatican is going green. With the installation of solar panels on the roof of the Paul VI Audience Hall, the Vatican began selling power back to the Roman electric grid in November 2008.

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